Jammu & Kashmir Health Profile



HEALTH INDICATORS OF JAMMU & KASHMIR

The Total Fertility Rate of the State is 2.3. The Infant Mortality Rate is 51 and Maternal Mortality Ratio is NA (SRS 2004 - 2006). The Sex Ratio in the State is 892 (as compared to 933 for the country). Comparative figures of major health and demographic indicators are as follows :

Table I: Demographic, Socio-economic and Health profile of Jammu & Kashmir State as compared to India figures

 S. No.  Item  J&K  India
 1  Total population (Census 2001) (in million)  10.14  1028.61
 2  Decadal Growth (Census 2001) (%)  31.42  21.54
 3  Crude Birth Rate (SRS 2007)  19.0  23.1
 4  Crude Death Rate (SRS 2007)  5.8  7.4
 5  Total Fertility Rate (SRS 2007)  2.3  2.7
 6  Infant Mortality Rate (SRS 2007)  51  55
 7  Maternal Mortality Ratio (SRS 2004 - 2006)  NA  254
 8  Sex Ratio (Census 2001)  892  933
 9  Population below Poverty line (%)  3.48  26.10
 10  Schedule Caste population (in million)  0.77  166.64
 11  Schedule Tribe population (in million)  1.11  84.33
 12  Female Literacy Rate (Census 2001) (%)  43.0  53.7


Table II: Health Infrastructure of Jammu & Kashmir

 Particulars  Required  In position  shortfall
 Sub-centre  1666  1907  -
 Primary Health Centre  271  375  -
 Community Health Centre  67  85  -
 Multipurpose worker (Female)/ANM at Sub Centres & PHCs  2282  1794  488
 Health Worker (Male) MPW(M) at Sub Centres  1907  -  -
 Health Assistant (Female)/LHV at PHCs  375  27  348
 Health Assistant (Male) at PHCs  375  89  286
 Doctor at PHCs  375  451  -
 Obstetricians & Gynaecologists at CHCs  85  28  57
 Physicians at CHCs  85  44  41
 Paediatricians at CHCs  85  17  68
 Total specialists at CHCs  340  135  205
 Radiographers  85  59  26
 Pharmacist  460  557  -
 Laboratory Technicians  460  396  64
 Nurse/Midwife  970  403  567


The other Health Institution in the State are detailed as under:

Health Institution

Number

Medical College

4

District Hospitals

22

Referral Hospitals

 

City Family Welfare Centre

 

Rural Dispensaries

 

Ayurvedic Hospitals

2

Ayurvedic Dispensaries

273

Unani Hospitals

2

Unani Dispensaries

235

Homeopathic Hospitals

-

Homeopathic Dispensary

-

AVER

Health Institutions

Average Rural Area (sq.Km) covered by a Health Intuitions

Average Radial Distance ( Kms) covered by a Health Institutions

 

J&K

All India

J&K

All India

Sub Centre

117.21

21.47

6.111

2.61

Primary Health Centre

591.67

139.40

13.72

6.66

Community Health Centre

2766.07

770.90

29.67

15.66

 

J&K SPECIFIC CONSTRAINTS

Low density of population

Difficult Terrain- problem of accessibility

Poor Road Connectivity

Limited presence  of Private Sector/NGOs

Private sector largely owned/operated by in-service doctors/specialists