JkHealth:The mission of the Health and Medical Education Department is to provide high-quality, cost-effective healthcare to all residents of Jammu and Kashmir. Healthcare in J&K has improved dramatically thanks to financing and gap-filling in human resources and healthcare infrastructure from the Indian Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, which is working to improve healthcare throughout the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
The Medical Education Sector has been fortified and upgraded to provide better medical education to a broader audience. With more students able to enrol in medical and nursing schools, both the supply and demand for human resources will benefit. As a result of the LG Administration’s efforts to improve health care in J&K and make it more accessible and cheap, the state’s health indices have improved.
Department of Health & Medical Education, J&K
To lessen the burden on tertiary care hospitals, efforts have been focused on improving primary health care, which includes transforming the District Hospital into a Super Speciality Unit. To put it more succinctly, “Health for All” is the end goal.
Health care insurance for all residents of J&K, the Universal Health Care programme implemented by the Government of India in addition to the Ayushman Bharat PMJAY, with a particular emphasis on lowering out-of-pocket costs for the poor and economically vulnerable.
Patients will have access to medical services from a network of 26,137 private healthcare facilities and public hospitals and clinics around the country. Our people in the most inaccessible mountainous regions and rough terrain will always have access to the best possible health care, and we will never compromise on that promise.
Directorate of Health Services Jammu
The mission of the Directorate of Health Services Jammu is to ensure that all hospitals and clinics in the Jammu region offer essential preventative, promotive, and curative care. The Director Health Services of the Jammu Division is in charge of the Health Department. 10 districts make up this division. One Chief Medical Officer oversees each administrative division. The Director Health Services in Jammu exercises direct Administrative Control over all Chief Medical Officers. There are Health Blocks within each district, each of which is led by a Block Medical Officer and is under the direct supervision of the Chief Medical Officer. The Block Medical Officers are in charge of each Health Block under their watchful eye.
With the help of its medical staff in hospitals and clinics across Jammu and Kashmir, the Directorate of Health Services (DHS) in the city of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) aspires to offer its citizens the best possible health care.
The organization live by the principle that the most outstanding service to humanity is the service of others.
Kashmir Medical Mission
The Reverend Robert Clark established the Kashmir Medical Mission. His medically trained wife is responsible for introducing western medicine to the valley. Mr Clark, after returning from a missionary tour of Kashmir, Ladakh, and Skardu, was able to get support for a Medical Mission in Kashmir from several prominent citizens and British officials, including Sir Robert Montgomery, the then Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab. A total of fourteen thousand rupees was collected to establish a Medical Mission in Kashmir. After hearing about plans to establish a medical mission in Kashmir, the Lieutenant-Governor sent an invitation to the Church Missionary Society (CMS) and gave a personal contribution of one thousand rupees to the cause. In 1865, the first Christian Medical Society (CMS) medical missionary, Dr William J. Elmslie, arrived in Kashmir. He was the son of a cobbler in Aberdeen and received a Master of Arts from Aberdeen University and a Medical Degree from Edinburgh University.
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Dr Elmslie saw about 2000 patients during the summer of 1865. No Europeans were allowed to spend the winter in the valley then. Due to considerable official hostility to the missionary component of the CMS medical activity, Dr Elmslie could not find sufficient lodging upon his return in 1866. But in the spirit of the Scots, who never give up, he treated 3,365 patients in a single tent that doubled as both an outpatient clinic and an inpatient facility. Until 1869, Dr Elmslie spent every summer in the Kashmir valley, where he treated hundreds of patients and helped stem the tide of a devastating cholera outbreak.
In 1870, the Reverend W. T. Storrs led the Kashmir Medical Mission. When Dr Elmslie returned to Srinagar in 1872, the city was in the midst of another devastating cholera outbreak. His health failed him, and he passed away on the trip home in the fall of 1872.
The Medical Mission began operations in 1874 under favourable conditions thanks to Dr Theodore Maxwell, who succeeded Dr Elmslie. The government’s objection was dropped, and Maharaja Pratap Singh was permitted to build a hospital atop Rustam Garhi in Drugjan. Dr Maxwell worked in a modest structure provided by the state for two years until his health failed, and he had to leave India.
Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homoeopathy (AYUSH)
In 1995, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare established a separate Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) for the Indian Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy (ISM&H). Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Siddha, Unani, and Homeopathy are legally recognised systems, and this department’s role is to promote and expand their use. This was done with a complete understanding of the benefits these holistic and ancient methods may provide to people’s health care. These systems provide a set of treatments that are both preventative and promotional, and they are far more effective in dealing with chronic illnesses.
State Health Agency, Jammu and Kashmir
Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3.8: Ensuring financial security against catastrophic health spending and access to affordable, high-quality healthcare for all people is central to the mission of the State Health Agency, Jammu and Kashmir. The people of Jammu and Kashmir can realise their full potential for health and happiness at every stage of life. Jammu and Kashmir’s State Health Agency aspires to “be a trusted Government Agency for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), i.e., Universal Health Coverage (UHC) as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO).”
National Health Programmes (NHP) in Jammu and Kashmir
National TB Elimination Programme (NTEP)
The Directorate of Health Services employs TB officers at the division and district levels to accomplish the program’s aims. By 2025, this effort hopes to have TB wholly eradicated. The two largest hospitals in the region that treat tuberculosis patients are the Chest Disease (CD) Hospital in Jammu and the CD Hospital in Srinagar.
National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP)
In 1983, the NLEP (National Leprosy Eradication Programme) was established. The goal of the NLEP is to eradicate leprosy by making all necessary medical care, including treatment for leprosy-related disabilities, available to the public at no cost and at a convenient location. The National Leprosy Elimination Programme (NLEP) is a National Health Service (NHS) initiative administered by a Zonal Leprosy Officer at the Division level with assistance from the district.
National Rabies Control Programme (NRCP)
The 12th Five-Year Plan gave the go-ahead for NRCP, which includes human and animal health provisions. By 2030, the NRCP hopes that rabies will no longer be a cause of mortality. Victims of dog bites or animal attacks will have access to anti-rabies vaccines and serum under this initiative.
Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP)
IDSP stands for the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme and is a State-based, decentralised surveillance programme. Its primary function is to identify epidemics in their earliest stages, allowing for a more rapid and efficient response. Purposes include early detection and response to outbreaks by a trained Rapid Response Team and strengthening/maintaining a decentralised laboratory-based IT-enabled disease monitoring system for epidemic-prone illnesses (RRTs).
102-108 (JKEMS) Ambulance Services
In the Union Territory of J&K, the 102-108 Ambulance Service under J&K Emergency Medical Services, an initiative of NHM, was launched on March 24th, 2020, by the then Hon’ble Lieutenant Governor, Sh. G.C Murmut to provide Emergency Medical Services, with immediate response and dispatch of Ambulance to the site of emergency after a call is received on Toll-Free Numbers108 & 102.
National Quality Assurance Standards (NQAS)
The particular needs of public health institutions were taken into account in creating national quality assurance standards, along with international best practices. NQAS are now accessible for District Hospitals, CHCs, PHCs, and Urban PHCs. The primary purpose of standards is to help service providers evaluate their quality in relation to established benchmarks and raise their facilities to a level they may be certified.
Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK)
Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK) was established by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare on January 7th, 2014, to reach all 253 million adolescents in India, regardless of their gender, location, marital status, education level, or employment status.
Menstrual Hygiene Scheme (MHS)
Adolescent girls (10-19 years old) in rural regions have been targeted by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare’s new programme to promote menstrual hygiene.
Adolescent girls’ menstrual hygiene education and access to and usage of high-quality sanitary napkins are two of the scheme’s primary focuses in rural regions.
Mera Asptaal (MA)
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of the Government of India (GOI) has launched MeraAspataal (My Hospital) to collect patient feedback on the quality of care they have gotten from government hospitals and private hospitals been approved to participate in the programme. Short Message Service (SMS), Outbound Dialling (OBD), a mobile app, and a web portal are just a few ways it may communicate with its users. The software provides a central location for collecting comments, doing in-depth analyses, and sharing the results with others.
Pradhan Mantri National Dialysis Program (PMNDP)
The District Hospitals would be fortified by the Pradhan Mantri National Dialysis Program (PMNDP), which offers low-cost dialysis services. To carry out this Programme in J&K, all 20 District hospitals have fully functional dialysis units.
NHM Free Diagnostics Service Initiative
To combat the high cost of diagnostics, the government of India implemented the Free Essential Diagnostics Initiative as part of the National Health Mission. The Free Diagnostic Services Initiative aims to minimise patient out-of-pocket costs by increasing access to diagnostic testing at public health institutions.
DVDMS (Drugs and Vaccine Distribution Management System)
It’s a programme that helps the Indian government’s Directorate General of Medical Health streamline several processes. Includes Purchase Orders, Inventory Management, and Distribution of Various Drugs for Drugs and Vaccines. The NHM provides funding for the J&K DVDMS, managed by the J&K Medical Supplies business Ltd.
National Programme on Climate Change & Human Health (NPCCHH)
The program’s goal is to raise consciousness about the effects of climate change on human health among the general public (vulnerable community), medical professionals, and policymakers. The healthcare system must be improved to better combat diseases and illnesses brought on by climate change. To conduct national/state/district/below-district level scenario analysis to improve health preparation and response.
The Government of India has adopted JSY across the whole country, including in Jammu &Kashmir, to increase the number of births in hospitals. To increase institutional delivery among the needy and impoverished pregnant women of rural and urban regions, the JSY is being implemented at all Govt. Hospitals of the state.
As part of the National Health Mission, a group of women known as ASHAs (Accredited Social Health Activists) were formed to provide direct service in the health field. To improve public health, she works as a community organiser and health advocate, educating others about the importance of health and encouraging more participation in local health planning and service use.
DNB Courses Under NBE in UT of J&K
The Government of India created the National Board of Examinations (NBE) to ensure high and consistent standards for postgraduate examinations in contemporary medicine across the country.
Tighter regulation of Blood and its components is essential in light of recent developments in Transfusion Technology. In the UT of J&K, there are 25 Blood Banks, including those in tertiary hospitals, and 30 Blood Storage units.